How to swim?
Why learning basic swimming techniques can be useful? Swimming is a great recreation activity for anyone wanting to burst a few stress bubbles. Even merely getting into the water and letting the body float is enough for some. On the other hand, there are some individuals who like to go through and fro between the ends of the swimming pool as fast as they can. Of course, their intention is not to dazzle others, rather to enjoy the rush of the adrenaline and the feeling of euphoria that it gives them. By mastering the basic swimming techniques anyone can get to enjoy this feeling and feel the tension ebbing from the body.
After taking charge of a pupil interested in learning swimming, a coach or instructor, first of all, imparts basic swimming techniques and strokes to him. Depending on how fast and easily the pupil can master them, he, sort of, comes to understand whether the pupil is going to swim like a fish or a duck. Let us see what these basic swimming technique for beginners are.
Basic Freestyle Swimming Technique
Most probably, the coach will start the training by teaching the freestyle swimming technique for beginners to his pupil. The freestyle stroke is the most basic stroke that each and every swimmer gets to cut his teeth on. Depending on his style of teaching, the instructor may want his pupil to practice the stroke right in the pool, or on the land itself by going through the motion of the stroke. In certain cases, mock practicing a swimming stroke on the land can be very useful, as the pupil has only to concentrate on executing it and there is not water to be dealt with. Some of the instructors believe in showing videos while explaining the proper swimming techniques to follow. The following is a list of instructions for freestyle swimming stroke.
Lie on your stomach in the water and position both the arms in front, move one hand downward direction to push the water away. Do it as if you are trying to chase the water with with you palm and keep the fingers joined together.
Continue to swing the hand so that it passes the thigh and exits the water.
Let it swing above the head and come in front till it touches the other hand which then starts its motion.
While doing this, let the hands be relaxed and not stiff when they enter the water.
When the hand touches the thigh, turn the head simultaneously and steal a breath.
It is also important to use thigh muscles to kick or flutter the legs so as to aid the hands in gaining momentum through the water.
Basic Backstroke Swimming Technique
Backstroke is another of the swimming stroke to add to one’s repertory. As compared to freestyle stroke, this one is a little bit harder to execute which makes it all the more important to learn backstroke swimming techniques properly. The following are the instructions to execute the backstroke technique properly.
Lie on your back in the water and maintain the head in line with the spine.
Swing a hand in the air and let it pass close by the head. When the hand is immersed in the water, try pulling a hand-full of water to the surface.
Maintain the hand fully stretched and let the pinkie enter the water first. The entry point should be above the head and just outside of the line of the shoulder.
When the first hand is about to hit the water, start swinging the other hand to follow the first , so that, at any time they are at 180 degrees with each other.
By the time the hand in the water is about to exit, the other hand will hit the water and enter it.
If the instructions are followed correctly, then the swimmer will end up recovering one hand from the water and pulling the water with other.
Use the legs to kick the water away from body.
The windmilling of the hand through the water i.e. the speed of the backstroke is controlled by the kick speed.
It is also necessary to swivel the whole body along the rotating arms. The shoulder of the pulling hand must be slightly above the pool while rotating the arm.
The shoulder of the recovery arm must be maintained at the surface of the water.
Take a breath when a hand enters the water and exhale when it enters the water at the start of the next cycle.
After mastering basic swimming technique for backstroke the swimmer may want to go ahead and learn backstroke flip turn.
Basic Breaststroke Swimming Technique
The breast stroke is an exhausting swimming stroke where the swimmer has to use hands and leg muscles a lot.
Get into the water and float by assuming a slightly tipped up and down-forward position.
Keep the legs close together and hold the hands close to the chest.
To execute a breaststroke bring the legs toward the chest and kicking them away from the body in one motion and squeezing them closer.
Remember to throw the feet away from the body while executing the kick, to displace more water.
This makes the swimmer glide through the water and he can control his direction by pointing his toes and extending his arms.
Let the glide continue for a moment and then turn the palms outward.
From this position, pull with both of your fully extend hands in and around circular sweep till palms, once again, are close to the chest.
While executing the sweep of arms, use the momentum gained to raise the head above the water and take a breath.
With the lungs full of air, submerge the head under the water and repeat the process for the next backstroke.
Acquiring basic swimming techniques is not an easy task. Not everyone can adjust immediately to the transition from being on a solid medium, such as, land, to being in the water that gives easily. One must enjoy the process of learning how to swim, be patient and keep on practicing, to master it. Later on, one can move on to learn the butterfly swimming technique to enjoy swimming to the fullest. One can do beginners swim workouts to supplement and enhance his or her efforts in the pool.